How to Start an I.V. and Types of I.V. fluids






Three types of I.V. fluids:

a. Isotonic solution - it has the same concentration as the body fluid.
  • D5W
  • NaCl 0.9%
  • plainRinger's lactate
  • Plain normosol M
b. Hypotonic - has lower concentration than the body fluids. Too much of this fluid can swell the body's cell.
  • NaCl 0.3%
c. Hypertonic - has higher concentration than the body fluids. Too much of this fluid can make the body's cell shrink.
  • D10W
  • D50W
  • D5LR
  • D5Non
You can also watch this video about Intravenous Line Insertion.


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